THE SABBATH AS MILLENNIAL BRIDE
The concept that man's time on earth is destined for 6,000 years is found throughout Jewish literature. (This was discussed earlier in this Revelation study.) There is a mystical teaching related to the Sabbath that says that when God created the world, He gave creation enough "power"to last for "six days" (6,000 years). He then created the Sabbath for the purpose of restoration and revival of the world. Just as the Millennial Sabbath will renew the earth after its six thousand-year days, the weekly Sabbath gives the earth a renewal every seven days.
As such, the Talmud goes as far as saying:
As previously mentioned, the Millennial Kingdom could be brought in even sooner than its "designated" time. The Kingdom offer has been presented more than once. Judaism teaches that the righteous behavior of Israel, namely their proper keeping of the weekly Sabbath, can usher in the Millennial Sabbath -- the era of Messiah.
In this context, the Sabbath is considered to be such an important commandment, that it is said to be the equivalent of all the other commandments:
Midrash Rabbah - Exodus XXV:12 - R. Levi said: If Israel kept the Sabbath properly even for one day, the son of David would come. Why? Because it is equivalent to all the commandments; for so it says, For He is our God, and we are the people of His pasture, and the flock of His hand. To-day, if ye would but hearken to His voice! (Ps. XCV, 7) R. Johanan said: The Holy One, blessed be He, told Israel: Though I have set a definite term for the millennium which will come at the appointed time whether Israel returns to Me in penitence or not, still if they repent even for one day, I will bring it before its appointed time. Hence, To-day, [redemption cometh] if ye would but hearken to His voice; and just as we find that the son of David will come as a reward for the observance of all commandments [one day], so also will he come for the observance of one Sabbath day, because the Sabbath is equivalent to all commandments. R. Eleazar b. Abina said: In the Torah, the Prophets, and the Hagiographa we find it stated that the Sabbath is equivalent to all commandments. In the Torah, because when Moses forgot to tell them the command of the Sabbath, God said to him: How long refuse ye to keep My commandments and My laws? (Ex. XVI, 28), and immediately after this it says, See that the Lord hath given you the sabbath (ib. 29) In the Prophets, for it says, But the house of Israel rebelled against Me in the wilderness; they walked not in My statutes (Ezek. XX, 13), and immediately afterwards it says, And My sabbaths they greatly profaned (ib.). In the Hagiographa, because it says, Thou camest down also upon Mount Sinai, and spokest with them from heaven (Neh. IX, 13), and immediately afterwards it says, And madest known unto them Thy holy sabbath. God said: ' If ye virtuously observe the Sabbath, I will regard you as observing all the commands of the Law, but if you profane it, I will regard it as if you had profaned all the commands; for so it says, That keepeth the sabbath from profaning it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil (Isa. LVI, 2). When man keeps the Sabbath, whatsoever he decrees God fulfils, for it says, If thou turn away thy foot because of the sabbath (ib. LVIII, 13), and immediately after this it says, Then shalt thou delight thyself in the Lord (ib. 14), which has the same meaning as the verse, So shalt thou delight thyself in the Lord; and He shall give thee the petitions of thy heart (Ps. XXXVII, 4). Moreover, whatever benefit you derive in this world, is but the fruit thereof, but the stock will remain for you in the World to Come, because it says, And I wil feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father; for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it (Isa. LVIII, 14).
The Midrash Rabbah refers to the Sabbath as being the Lord's bride, specifically that of "the Holy One, blessed be He," which we will show in future sections to designate Messiah:
Midrash Rabbah - Genesis X:9 - Rabbi asked R. Ishmael b. R. Jose: Have you heard from your father the actual meaning of AND ON THE SEVENTH DAY GOD FINISHED, etc.? Said he to him: ' It is like a man striking the hammer on the anvil, raising it by day and bringing it down after nightfall. R. Simeon b. Yohai said: Mortal man, who does not know his minutes, his [exact] times or his hours, must add from the profane to the sacred; but the Holy One, blessed be He, who knows His moments, His times, and His hours, can enter it by a hair's breadth. Genibah and the Rabbis discussed this. Genibah said: This may be compared to a king who made a bridal chamber, which he plastered, painted, and adorned; now what did the bridal chamber lack? A bride to enter it. Similarly, what did the world still lack? The Sabbath.The Talmud makes the same connection:
Talmud - Mas. Shabbath 119a - R. Hanina robed himself and stood at sunset of Sabbath eve [and] exclaimed, Come and let us go forth to welcome the queen Sabbath. R. Jannai donned his robes, on Sabbath eve and exclaimed, Come, O bride, Come, O bride!
The following section from the Zohar makes the important point that the Shekinah, the Sabbath and the community of Israel are all considered to be the Lord's bride:
Soncino Zohar, Shemoth, Section 2, Page 63b - AND MOSES SAID UNTO THEM, LET NO MAN LEAVE OF IT UNTIL THE MORNING. R. Judah said: Every day the world is blessed through that superior day, the Seventh. For the six Days receive blessing from the seventh, and each dispenses the blessing so received on its own day, but not on the next. Hence the Israelites were commanded not to leave of the manna till the morning. The sixth day has more blessing than the rest, for on this day, as R. Eleazar has said, the Shekinah prepares the table for the King. Hence the sixth day has two portions, one for itself and one in preparation for the joy of the union of the King with the Shekinah, which takes place on Sabbath night, and from which all the six days of the week derive their blessing. For that reason the table has to be prepared on the Sabbath night, so that when the blessings descend from above they may find something on which to rest, as it were, for "no blessing rests on an empty table". Those who are aware of this mystery of the union of the Holy One with the Shekinah on Sabbath night consider, therefore, this time the most appropriate one for their own marital union. SEE FOR THAT THE LORD HATH GIVEN YOU THE SABBATH. What is the meaning of the word "Sabbath"? The day in which all the other days rest, the day which comprises the other days, and from which they derive blessing. R. Jose said: The Community of Israel is also called "Sabbath", for she is God's spouse. That is why the Sabbath is called "Bride", and it is written, "Ye shall keep the Sabbath, for it is holy unto you" (Ex. XXXI, 13): it is holy to you, but not to other nations; "it is a sign between me and the children of Israel" (Ibid. v, 17): it is Israel's eternal heritage.
In the days of the Temple, on the Sabbath, the Levitical choir would sing Psalm 92, which was called, A psalm, a song for the Sabbath day." Jewish tradition holds that this psalm is a song for the Millennial Sabbath, when restoration would come to creation. According to Talmud, at the end of the Millennium, the earth will be destroyed as the L-rd alone shall be exalted on that day (Isaiah 2:12):
A more modern song, sung on Friday evenings by Jews around the world to greet the Sabbath (Shabbat), is called "L'cha Doedee" (meaning "Come My Beloved"). This song follows in the same tradition of viewing the Millennial Sabbath as the bride of the Lord.
A number of mystical teachings surround the Millennial Sabbath. Many of the Psalms have deeper meanings that pertain to this. The following section from the Zohar, which concerns the Sabbath, cites several Psalms and also mentions the following:
Note the last sentence of this section above. Here we see another example of "helping" to usher in the Messianic era. The hymns sung in praise (which are equivalent to prayers), are directed to the the time when God and His bride, His people, are unified as one.
We see the same prayer of unification of offered by Yeshua Himself:
RETURN TO THE REVELATION INDEX